Confusion emerges in Christian communities when one attempts to teach from the writings of Moses and the Prophets, which were written in Hebrew. We, as Christians, are taught the Gospels (written in Greek). Some centuries ago nice men thought they’d help us by calling the Hebrew writings “Old” and the Greek writings “New.”
As as we read how the Old Testament was replace by the New Testament (Covenant), we are at a loss with what to do with that set of Scriptures referred to as “Old” by our preachers.
This article is designed to help.
First, God’s intention has always been, from Adam forward, to have a people (not a person, a People— a corporate body) to serve Him. God created Adam and said, in effect, breed with your wife, multiply and fill the earth. That was the first commandment and it was before the Fall. God wanted a multitude to serve Him.
After the Flood, god called Noah to fill the Earth and spread out.
He called Abram to have as many descendants as the stars of heaven and to raise them to serve God (this the mandate to circumcise the young).
God called a nation (a blood line) out of Egypt to serve Him and they did so by living (corporately as opposed to individually) by the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments were the covenant between a blood line (the descendants of Israel) and God Almighty.
Israel the Nation was to be an example and a light to all the other nations/blood lines. The gentile nations were to come to Zion (as a nation) to learn his ways and laws.
The Hebrew Scriptures (please do not imply that they have been replaced by the Greek) are designed primarily around building the Nation — a corporate blood line to follow God.
The Greek Scriptures are designed primarily around the conversion of an Individual — the change of the inward heart toward God which means the keeping of the Ten Commandments. The New Covenant is the inscribing of the Ten Commandments into the inward heart . The Old Covenant did not create that “new birth” of which both Jesus and Jeremiah spoke. It is the replacement of the blood of bulls and goats with the Blood of Jesus Christ that is the replacement of the Old Covenant with the New; it is by not means a replacement of one set of scriptures with another.
In no case does God change. In no case does God abandon the Ten Commandments. The New Covenant/New Birth elevates the Ten Commandments — it does not deprecate them (as Jesus emphasized in Matthew 5).
God has a plan for the Nations as corporate blood lines. Not all nations will serve God. The Hebrew Scriptures are the guide to creating Christian Nations.
God has a plan for individuals. Not tall individuals will serve God. The Greek scriptures are the guide for the individual, and have their validation in the Hebrew writings.